Last updated: Aug. 5, 2022
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The Ask a Librarian team is committed to curating evidence-based resources on emerging health topics. On July 23 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the global monkeypox outbreak a public health emergency of international concern. Monkeypox is a zoonotic infection and member of the orthopox family of viruses, related to smallpox virus, which was eradicated through vaccination. In 2022, outbreaks of monkeypox infection have been reported in atypical areas and in people without travel links to endemic regions. Here are some librarian-selected resources from a variety of tools offered with CMA membership or freely available online.
BMJ Best practice - Monkeypox - Symptoms, diagnosis and treatment
ClinicalKey – Clinical Overview: Monkeypox (login required - CMA members only – search “monkeypox” and the clinical overview appears on the right)
Merck Manual Professional Edition - Monkeypox - Infectious Diseases
UptoDate - Monkeypox
VisualDX - Monkeypox
Guidelines and other information
Canadian Clinical practice guidelines on Monkeypox - CPG Infobase
Health Canada - Monkeypox: Outbreak update
Public Health Agency of Canada - Monkeypox: For health professionals
Infection Prevention and Control Canada - Monkeypox
National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCCID) - Monkeypox virus (MPXV)
British Columbia - BC Centre for Disease Control – Information for Health Professionals - Monkeypox
Yukon – Health concerns, diseases and conditions - Learn about monkeypox
Alberta – Disease prevention and surveillance - Monkeypox virus
Saskatchewan – Emerging public health issues - Monkeypox: Emerging Public Health Issues
Manitoba – Public Health - Monkeypox: Health
Ontario - Ministry of Health & Ministry of Long-Term care - Emergency Planning and Preparedness: Monkeypox Virus
Ontario – Public Health Ontario - Monkeypox Virus
Quebec - Simian pox
Newfoundland and Labrador – Health and Community Services - Monkeypox - Health and Community Services
New Brunswick – Office of the Chief Medical Officer of Health - Monkeypox
Nova Scotia - Nova Scotia Communicable Diseases Manual - Monkeypox
Center for infectious Disease research and Policy (CIDRAP) (University of Minnesota) - Monkeypox - Resources
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) - Information For Healthcare Professionals | Monkeypox | Poxvirus
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) - Factsheet for health professionals on monkeypox
Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security - Monkeypox
World Health Organization - Monkeypox outbreak 2022
ClinicalKey (login required - CMA members only - includes 1,000+ textbooks, 600 full-text journals, images, videos and customizable patient handouts across 30+ medical specialties)
- Smallpox, Monkeypox, and Other Poxvirus Infections by Brett W. Petersen and Inger K. Damon in Goldman-Cecil Medicine, Chapter 348, 2180-2185.e2
- Orthopoxviruses : Vaccinia (Smallpox Vaccine), Variola (Smallpox), Monkeypox, and Cowpox by Brett W. Petersen and Inger K. Damon in Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases, Chapter 132, 1809-1817.e3
- Monkeypox by David A. Hunstad in Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, Chapter 745, 3821-3821.
- Monkeypox and Other Poxviruses by Samantha H. Johnston and Anne W. Rimoin in Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Chapter 164, 1489-1496.e3
Monkeypox. By Moore M, Zahra F. 2022 May 22. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2022 Jan–.PMID: 34662033
CADTH – Health Technology Review: Tecovirimat for the Treatment of Human Monkeypox
McMaster Health Forum - Living evidence profile 6: What is the best-available evidence related to the monkeypox outbreak? (Identifies evidence and experiences from 11 countries (Australia, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom (U.K.), and the United States, and from all Canadian provinces and territories)
Articles and article collections:
- ScienceDirect Topics - Monkeypox Virus - an overview
- Monkeypox virus emerges from the shadow of its more infamous cousin: family biology matters. Xiang Y, White A. Emerg Microbes Infect. 2022 Dec;11(1):1768-1777. doi: 10.1080/22221751.2022.2095309. PMID: 35751396
- Monkeypox virus: a re-emergent threat to humans. Gong Q, Wang C, Chuai X, Chiu S. Virol Sin. 2022 Jul 9:S1995-820X(22)00120-1. doi: 10.1016/j.virs.2022.07.006. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35820590
- A case of human monkeypox in Canada. Sukhdeo SS, Aldhaheri K, Lam PW, Walmsley S. CMAJ. 2022 Jul 6:cmaj.220886. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.220886. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35793837
- The outbreak of monkeypox 2022: An overview. Hraib M, Jouni S, Albitar MM, Alaidi S, Alshehabi Z. Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2022 Jun 24;79:104069. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2022.104069. eCollection 2022 Jul. PMID: 35860140
- Monkeypox transmission following exposure in healthcare facilities in nonendemic settings: Low risk but limited literature. Zachary KC, Shenoy ES. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2022 Jul;43(7):920-924. doi: 10.1017/ice.2022.152. Epub 2022 Jun 9. PMID: 35676244
- The monkeypox virus. Halani S, Mishra S, Bogoch II. CMAJ. 2022 Jun 20;194(24):E844. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.220795. Epub 2022 Jun 2. PMID: 35654445
- Prevention and Treatment of Monkeypox. Rizk JG, Lippi G, Henry BM, Forthal DN, Rizk Y. Drugs. 2022 Jun;82(9):957-963. doi: 10.1007/s40265-022-01742-y. Epub 2022 Jun 28. PMID: 35763248
- Monkeypox: Key questions answered. Le Page M. New Sci. 2022 May 28;254(3388):8-9. doi: 10.1016/S0262-4079(22)00914-9. Epub 2022 May 27. PMID: 35663342
- A Novel International Monkeypox Outbreak. Adalja A, Inglesby T. Ann Intern Med. 2022 May 24. doi: 10.7326/M22-1581. Online ahead of print. PMID: 35605243
- The changing epidemiology of human monkeypox-A potential threat? A systematic review. Bunge EM, Hoet B, Chen L, Lienert F, Weidenthaler H, Baer LR, Steffen R. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2022 Feb 11;16(2):e0010141. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0010141. eCollection 2022 Feb. PMID: 35148313
BC Centre for Disease Control - Monkeypox
BMJ Best Practice - Monkeypox - Patient information from BMJ
First Nations Health Authority - Frequently Asked Questions: Monkeypox
JAMA Patient Page - What Is Monkeypox?
National Health Service (NHS - UK) - Monkeypox
World Health Organization (WHO)- Monkeypox [ Factsheet ]
UpToDate - Patient education: Monkeypox (The Basics)
Social media, news and other sources
- Canadian Medical Association – Boldly – Five things you need to know about monkeypox
- CMAJ News – Monkeypox: Tracking the new global health emergency – M. Wauquier, 2022 Jul 26.
- CMAJ News - Making sense of monkeypox death rates – L. Vogel, 2022 Jul 27.
- Elsevier - Healthcare Hub - Monkeypox
- Global.health | Map
- ScienceUpFirst - Monkeypox
- Twitter #monkeypox
- Wolters Kluwer - Monkeypox Resources for Health Professionals
Searching for monkeypox information:
- Google search (limit to Canadian websites/.ca domain) - monkeypox site:.ca
- Ovid - Expert searches for monkeypox
- PubMed – US National Library of Medicine – Search for monkeypox
Need more information on Monkeypox or any other clinical topic of interest? Contact the Ask a Librarian team to request a literature search.
This material is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice and should not be relied on as health or personal advice. The opinions stated by the authors are made in a personal capacity and do not necessarily reflect those of the Canadian Medical Association and its subsidiaries including Joule.
About the author(s)
CMA Joule’s medical librarians are the professionals behind “Ask a Librarian”, a service for all CMA members looking for clinical search expertise. This experienced team of librarians can support you by searching on your behalf, teaching you effective search strategies or training you to use our clinical resources.